Carpet manufacturing has
been the traditional business of the villages in the northern
mountainous belt of Nepal. But commercial carpet manufacturing
began in Nepal along with the exodus of Tibetan refugees
in Nepal, in 1959. Though Nepalese were weaving carpets
for generations, Europeans through Swiss association for
technical Assistance (SATA) contributed in the development
of the carpet industry in Nepal through financial and technical
support to the Tibetan refugees, In the beginning it was
started as a source of living for the Tibetan refugees and
the products were just the items for tourist consumption.
Gradually, it began to attract a consumer adored initiated,
in 1964. From the first commercial shipment to Europe, particularly
Switzerland. Since then, it has transformed into a more
value added, labor intensive commodity and remains the most
important export product in Nepal by abysmal effort entrepreneurs
with international vision.
Carpet production is manually
done right from the beginning to the finishing stage. The
vital process include.
Wool sorting &
washing: Tibetan wool is sorted to pick out foreign
materials & other forms of wood to have stable product.
It also needs normal washing to remove fat & wax from
The wool is then dried in sunlight for two to three days.
Wool obtained from the third countries is generally obtained
after scouring process hence it doesn’t need sorting &
Carding is performed by hand previously. But the hand carding
couldn’t fulfill the expanding carpet industries. Hence
machine carding is also performing for larger supply of
carded alivers for spinning.
spinning is d one by hand charkha. The experienced Nepalese
spinners are capable of producing course as well as finer
yarns for higher knots carpet.
Dyeing was carried out in huge copper vessels. But with
the introduction of machine dyeing better fastness has been
obtained. Also the use of synthetic dyestuffs has provided
a large scale of spectrum color. The yarn is dried in the
Carpet weaving is performed by hand using graphs & sketches.
The carpet weaving is a creative task which is performed
by three or four laborers according to the size of carpet.
Carpet weaving is done with the help of yarn balls, scissors,
iron-rod, levers, comb beater, etc. Tibetan double knotting
system is applied for knotting.
The sharp design & pattern is carved out by scissors
from the woven carpet. The level of the pile is also made
smooth according to the design.
Washing & drying:
Carpet is washed with fresh water using household chemicals
to keep free of germs and wipe out the gloomy appearance.
The carpet is then direct out in the sun light for 4- 5
The carpet has to be stretched to bring into the original
loom- stage size by stretching. Stretching provides the
good appearance of carpet if it is under sized of twisted
The carpet is given a final trimming of the unusual
yarn. In this case any error in the design & Pattern
is trimmed and given the final touch.
Finally the carpet is packed with the environment friendly
packing material. After that the carpet is ready for export.